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Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Great Smoky Mountain is an American National Park. It is declared as UNESCO world Heritage site in 1983. It is a most visited park in United States. It has 11.3 Million recreational visits in year 2016. The park was chartered in 1934 and officially dedicated in 1940. It is First Park ever whose fund is paid by Federal fund. Before this all parks money was paid by state money or private money.  National Park Service is the governing body of the Park. The total area of Park is 522,419 Acres which make it largest area protected in the northern United States. The park do not charge any entry fee.

Geology of Great Smoky Mountains:

In the park the oldest sedimentary rock is found. Which belongs to Proterozoic Era some 800-545 million years ago these rocks were formed. Most of the rocks are made of clay, silt, sand, gravel, and minor amounts of calcium carbonate. Between about 310 and 245 million years ago, the eastern edge of the North American tectonic plate collided with the African tectonic plate becoming part of a "super continent" known as Pangaea. Continental collisions take place at a rate of a few inches per year over many millions of years and are the result of continuing global-scale plate tectonics. Evidence of earlier plate tectonic geologic events are found in rocks of the Great Smoky Mountains.

Great Smoky Mountains Association:

The association were formed in 1953. It is a non-profit organization whose purpose is to give education and interception and research for the betterment of Park. It provided more than 52 Million dollars for the betterment of Park from its starts till now. The money is generated from member ship of park and from the retails sales in park.

Beautiful natural view of smoky mountains

Climate of Great Smoky Park:

From 875 feet’s to 6643 feet’s the weather change from one point to other with elevation. The difference range from 10 degree to 20 degrees Fahrenheit’s. The rain average is 55inches on the bottom while 85 inches on the height per year. To enjoy the trip visitors must take proper dressing so that they can enjoy at their maximum.

The spring season remains from March to May which is three months. In March the change is atone and temperature may change very quickly. Summer remains from June to August which brings heat haze and humidity in the park. Still on the higher elevation temperature above 80 Fahrenheit’s is rare. The autumn starts from September and remains till mid of November. The day at autumn is usually hot but nights are cold. From Mid-November to February end it is winter in Great Smoky Park. The temperature falls up to -20 Fahrenheit’s. Usually the lower elevations the snow fall of one inch happen about five times a year.

The following tables give monthly averages for weather in the park. Temperatures are in degrees Fahrenheit, precipitation and snow are listed in inches, T=trace.

For Gatlinburg, TN (Low elevation)

Month

High

Low

Monthly Precipitation

Monthly Snowfall

Days of Precipitation

Jan

51

28

4.8"

2.3"

9

Feb

54

29

4.8"

2.9"

9

March

61

34

5.3"

T

8

April

71

42

4.5"

0

8

May

79

50

4.5"

0

9

June

86

58

5.2"

0

9

July

88

59

5.7"

0

10

Aug

87

60

5.3"

0

10

Sept

83

55

3.0"

0

5

Oct

73

43

3.1"

T

6

Nov

61

33

3.4"

0.7"

7

Dec

52

28

4.5"

1.0"

8


For Clingmans Dome (high elevation)

Month

High

Low

Monthly Precipitation

Monthly Snowfall

Days of Precipitation

Jan

35

19

7.0"

18"

12

Feb

35

18

8.2"

20"

12

March

39

24

8.2"

26"

12

April

49

34

6.5"

5"

10

May

57

43

6.0"

T

10

June

63

49

6.9"

0

11

July

65

53

8.3"

0

13

Aug

64

52

6.8"

0

12

Sept

60

47

5.1"

T

8

Oct

53

38

5.4"

2"

8

Nov

42

28

6.4"

5"

9

Dec

37

21

7.3"

8"

10

Small rive in Smoky Mountains Part

Bears in Great Smoky Mountains:

As the area is largest protected area of eastern United States it is also a safe haven for the black bears. The black bear live here safe and in wild and natural environment. The estimated population of bears as per biologists are 1500 in park. These bears lives in all parts of parks but the numbers are different in different areas. The average area of Bears is 2 bears per square kilometers of park. The bears which found in Smoky Mountains are black in color but in other part of country they are brown and cinnamon in color also.

The life of a bear is 12 to 16 years in park. The average weight of a male in fall season is over 600 Pounds while in winter it reduce to 250 Pounds. The female have less weight then male which is slightly over 100 Pounds. The bear may increase to 6 feet’s in length while 3 feet’s in height. 85% of the diet of bear is nuts and plants while insects and other animals provide the proteins. They are omnivores like human beings. The black bear are very good climbers and have a very good smell sense. They have color vision while a black bear can run up to 30 miles an hour.

The mating of black bear usually happen at the July month but a bear may mate more than one time in a summer. The bears not truly hibernate but go to long sleep. They come out of sleep if disturbance happens or weather go hot. A female give 1 to four babies and weight of a baby born bear is around eight pounds. These babies stay with the female bear for eight months or until next mate.

Smokey Mountains Park wildlife

Cades Cove Valley in Smoky Mountains:

This valley is a love place for the tourist. Most of the tourist visit it because it give a very good view of animals in wilderness. This valley is surrounded by the mountains. Large numbers of white-tailed deer are frequently seen, and sightings of black bear, coyote, ground hog, turkey, raccoon, skunk, and other animals are also possible.

If you want to visit the valley by bicycle then on Saturday and Wednesday the road is closed for other vehicle till 10 AM of morning. It is to facilitate the bikers to reach the valley. This restriction remain from May to September and it also facilitate the pedestrians. The helmet is must for children and under 16 age. A bike is easily available on rent from the store at the base. Other than the mentioned timing and dates the road is open for vehicles.

Hiking is another way to reach the Cades Cove valley. Multiple tracks are available to reach the valley. Including the five-mile round trip trail to Abrams Falls and the short Cades Cove Nature Trail. Longer hikes to Thunderhead Mountain and Rocky Top (made famous by the popular song) also begin in the cove.

Wild Flowers at Smoky Mountains:

There is 1500 different kind of Flowers available on Smoky Mountain Park. The number is greater than any other park in the area. These remarkable plants make the visitor to view one of the most beautiful places in area.

Hiking Tracks in smoky mountains

Hiking in Smoky Mountains Park:

The park is open throughout the year for the hikers. Every season give a different pleasure to its viewers because of its changing flowers with season and climate changes also effect the view of Smoky Mountain.

 

References: Wikipedia, PNS, Smokies Information,

Super User

       Jasim Mushtaq is the founder member of UAE Tours and Travels and dedicatedly working for the improvement of this blog.

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